Mexicanos were Mexican cowboys that lived in California. They were highly skilled. They were granted land by the Mexican government at the time California was part of Mexico. They lived on farms called ranchos. Most ranchos raised cattle and planted crops. The Vaqueros (Mexicanos) wore sombreros that offered sun protection. Their leg coverings were called Chapperas. Americans called them Chaps. When the Mexican-American War ended, the Mexicanos became U.S. citizens. Little by little the Americans started taking their rancho property away. The U.S. government didn’t encourage this, but they didn’t stop it ether. I realy think this is sad and soon the rancho way of life was eradicated.


Hayes, Jeri, ed. History Alive. U.S.A.: Teachers Curriculum Institute, 2003.

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